Why do my gums bleed?

November 17th, 2017

There are a number of reasons why your gums might bleed. Here, we focus on the five main ones. Please note, if you have consistently bleeding gums, you should consult your dentist as soon as possible.

  1. Do you have plaque build-up?

    When debris in the mouth isn’t removed, a soft, sticky bacteria-carrying film called plaque can result. This hardens and becomes tartar which irritates the gums and causes them to bleed. To avoid this, follow a regular routine of twice daily brushing with a fluoride toothbrush for at least
    two minutes, not forgetting to clean between your teeth with an inter-dental brush.

  2. Is your diet OK?

    Ensure that you eat a diet that is rich in vegetables and, to a lesser extent, fruit. Avoid sugary treats and drinks – we know it’s tricky coming up to Christmas but it’s worth it! As well as the other health issues it brings, sugar encourages the development of plaque.

  3. Are the bristles on your tooth brush too hard?

    Although it’s tempting to think that a brush with firm bristles will do a better job of cleaning your teeth, in fact they may be causing irritation which can lead to bleeding. A medium bristled brush is generally better. Or, have you just started flossing or using an inter-dental brush? This might be the reason. Persevere, any minor bleeding should stop in a couple of days.

  4. Could it be your medication?

    Either prescribed or over-the-counter medication could be at fault. If you are experiencing issues with bleeding gums and think this is the reason, consult your doctor for possible alternatives.

  5. Could it be your pregnancy?

    Many pregnant women experience swollen and sore gums and bleeding when brushing their teeth. This is called pregnancy gingivitis and is a result of hormone changes in the body. While it’s not a cause for concern, we recommend a dental check-up in the first trimester and being extra attentive in terms of oral care generally.

As ever, we’re here to help so please feel free to give us a call if you’re unsure about any aspect of your dental health.

Mike

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